An adaptive threshold based algorithm for optic disc and cup segmentation in fundus images

This paper presents an image processing technique for segmentation of optic disc and cup based on adaptive thresholding using features from the image. The proposed algorithm uses the features obtained from the image, such as mean and standard deviation, to remove information from the red and green channel of a fundus image and obtain an image which contains only the optic nerve head region in both the channels.

The optic disc is segmented from the red channel and optic cup from the green channel respectively. The threshold is determined from the smoothed histogram of the preprocessedimage. The results of the proposed algorithm are compared with the images that are marked by doctors. The accuracy of the algorithm is good and is computationally very fast. The proposed method can be used for screening purpose.