An overview of multi-dimensional RF signal processing for array receivers

In this review paper, recent advancements in multidimensional (MD) spatio-temporal signal processingfor highly-directional radio frequency (RF) antenna array based receivers are discussed. MD network-resonant beamforming filters having infinite impulse response (IIR) and recursive spatio-temporal signalflow graphs are reviewed.

The concept of MD network-resonant pre-filtering is described as a modification to existing phased/timed array beamforming back-ends to achieve improved side-lobe performance in the array pattern, leading to better interference rejection capabilities. Both digital and analog signal processing models are described in terms of their system transfer functions and signalflow graphs. Example MD frequency response and RF antenna array pattern simulations are presented.