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Object Detection Based on Sparse Representation and Hough Voting for Optical Remote Sensing Imagery

We present a novel method for detecting instances of an object class or specific object in high-spatial-resolution optical remote sensing images. The proposed method integrates sparse representations for local-feature detection into generalized-Hough-transform object detection. Object parts are detected via class-specific sparse image representations of patches using learned target and background dictionaries, and their co-occurrence is spatially integrated by Hough voting, which enables objectdetection.

We aim to efficiently detect target objects using a small set of positive training samples by matching essential object parts with a target dictionary while the residuals are explained by a background dictionary. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves state-of-the-art performance for several examples including object-class detection and specific-object identification.